Utrasonic Flow measurement principle

The TF-100W transit-time flowmeter utilizes two transducers that function as both ultrasonic transmitters and receivers. The transducers are clamped on the outside of a closed pipe at a specific distance from each other. The transducers can be mounted in V-method where the sound transverses the pipe twice, or W-method where the sound transverses the pipe four times, or in Z-method where the transducers are mounted on opposite sides of the pipe and the sound crosses the pipe once. This selection of the mounting method depends on pipe and liquid characteristics. The flow meter operates by alternately transmitting and receiving a frequency modulated burst of sound energy between the two transducers and measuring the transit time that it takes for sound to travel between the two transducers. The difference in the transit time measured is directly and exactly related to the velocity of the liquid in the pipe, show as follows:

måleprincip1 måleprincip2

Where:

θ is the include angle to the flow direction

M is the travel times of the ultrasonic beam

D is the pipe diameter

Tup is the time for the beam from upstream transducer to the downstream one

Tdown is the time for the beam from downstream transducer to the upstream one

ΔT = Tup –Tdown